For many, a warming cup of tea has always been a great daily pleasure.
The tea culture is very important in China. We are covering 7 most popular Chinese teas in this blog article.
There are several types of Chinese tea, which vary in the degree of fermentation and processing.
The main classes of Chinese teas are below:
- Green tea – is the least processed among the six types of Chinese tea. It undergoes the least amount of oxidation. The shorter processing gives green tea a lighter flavour than black tea. Also result in the high catechins content, which is why it is so good for you.
- Yellow tea – the process to obtain the yellow tea is similar to the one used for the green and the white tea. The difference lies on the fact that the tea leaves are let drying for a longer time so that they become yellow.
- White tea – white Chinese tea undergoes a similar process than green tea. Since it retains its anti-oxidation properties it’s considered one of the healthiest varieties of tea. The white colour comes from the hairs on the unopened buds of the tea plant.
- Oolong tea – is semi-fermented (or semi-oxidized) and, in this sense, stands between green and black tea. Even if its taste is pretty mild, you shouldn’t drink too much oolong tea because it’s stronger than it seems!
- Black tea – black tea, which is called “Red tea” in China, is dried, oxidized and then roasted. Contains more caffeine than any other class of tea.
- Dark tea or Fermented tea – dark tea is a kind of post-fermented tea, which undergoes an actual fermentation process aided by bacteria. The whole process comprises six steps: water removing, first-time rolling, heaping, second rolling, baking, and drying.
- Pu’er tea – the pu’er tea is a variety of oxidized and fermented tea produced in Yunnan province. The leaves undergo fermentation after being dried and rolled. The pu’er tea is pressed and sold in confections that remember a bun or a small cake.
The 10 most famous Chinese teas:
- The Long Jing (龙井, it means Dragon Well);
- The Bi Luo Chun (碧螺春, Spring Snail);
- The Tie Guan Yin (铁观音, Iron Goddess);
- The Mao Feng (毛峰, Fur Peak);
- The Yin Zhen (银针, Silver Needle);
- The Qi Men Hong Cha (祁门红茶, Qimen Red Tea);
- The Da Hong Pao (大紅袍, Big Red Robe);
- The Gua Pian (瓜片, Gua Pian);
- The Bai Hao Yin Zhen (白毫银针, White Fur Silver Needle);
- The Pu-erh (普洱, Pu’er Tea);